Claussen, Sophus

(1865-1931)
   A Danish poet, Claussen was independently wealthy and was able to devote himself entirely to his artistic pursuits. He first studied law, then became a journalist for several provincial papers, and he spent time in France and Italy. His travel book Antonius i Paris (1896; Antonius in Paris) tells about his encounter with the French symbolists. Claussen affiliated with the circle around Johannes Jørgensen's periodical Taarnet and became an apologist for a poetic practice that renounced naturalist dogma in favor of a more personal and less social conception of poetry. In Danish literary history Claussen stands as one of the most important forerunners of modernism.
   Claussen's first poetry collection, Naturbørn (1887; Children of Nature), spoke in favor of sexual liberation. His second book, Pilefløjter (1899; Willow Whistles), on the other hand, was far removed from the social concerns of the 1880s; the poems in it were highly personal, ironic, and dealt with private erotic themes. The poems in Djævlerier (1904; Devilries) were written against the background of Claussen's travels, and some of them show influences from Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867). Two representative titles are "Trappen til Helvede" (The Stairs to Hell) and "Sorte Blomst" (Black Flower); the latter portrays a prostitute. Later collections include Danske Vers (1912; Danish Verses) and Heroica (1925), which contains the prescient "Atomernes Oprør" (The Revolt of the Atoms), with images suggestive of nuclear war.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Claussen, Sophus — ▪ Danish poet born September 12, 1865, Helletoft, Island of Langeland, Denmark died April 11, 1931, Gentofte       one of Scandinavia s foremost lyric poets. He was influenced by the French Symbolists (Symbolist movement) and in turn greatly… …   Universalium

  • Sophus Claussen — Sophus Claussen. Sophus Claussen (* 12. September 1865 in Helletofte; † 11. April 1931 in Gentofte) war ein dänischer Schriftsteller. In der dänischen Literatur der Neuromantik gehören seine Gedichte sowie seine Prosaarbeiten zu den Höhepunkten.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claussen — Claussen,   Sophus, dänischer Schriftsteller, * Helletofte (Langeland) 12. 9. 1865, ✝ Gentofte 11. 4. 1931; war v. a. Lyriker; vertrat gegen die realistische Literatur und eine materialistische Weltsicht unter dem Einfluss des französischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Claussen — bzw. Claußen ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernhard Claußen (* 1948), deutscher Politikwissenschaftler Bruno Claußen (* 1946), deutscher Politiker (CDU) Carl August Claussen (1881–1968), deutscher Konteradmiral Carsten Peter Claussen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sophus — ist ein Familienname. Träger des Namens sind: Felix Dahn (auch: Ludwig Sophus; 1834–1912), deutscher Professor für Rechtswissenschaften, Schriftsteller und Historiker Publius Sempronius Sophus, mehrere Mitglieder der römischen Adelsfamilie der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claussen — may refer to: People Brandon Claussen, a Major League Baseball pitcher Claus Frenz Claussen, German professor of otolaryngology, artist, and inventor Frank Claussen, guitarist Gro Pedersen Claussen, graphic designer Hermann Claussen, mountain… …   Wikipedia

  • Sophus Claussen — (September 12 1865 Helletofte April 11 1931 Gentofte) was a Danish writer. He is best remembered for his neo romanticism poems.Works* Naturbørn 1887 * Pilefløjter 1899 * Ungt Folk 1894 * Djævlerier 1904 * Danske Vers 1912 * Heroica 1925 …   Wikipedia

  • Claußen — Claussen bzw. Claußen ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernhard Claußen (* 1948), deutscher Politikwissenschaftler Bruno Claußen (* 1946), deutscher Politiker (CDU) Claus Frenz Claussen (* 1939), deutscher Mediziner, Hochschullehrer,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Cl — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dänische Schriftsteller — A Christen Aagaard (1616–1664) Niels Aagaard (1612–1657) Kim Fupz Aakeson (* 1958) Jeppe Aakjær (1866–1930) Emil Aarestrup (1800–1856) Peter Adolphsen (* 1972) Naja Marie Aidt (* 1963) Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875) Vita Andersen (* 1944)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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